What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.


Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

Early Clues

 -A delay in speaking

  (18 vs. 12 months)

 -Insensitivity to rhymes

 -Trouble learning nursery       rhymes

 -Trouble remembering the    days of the week

 -Difficulty in leaning and        remembering letter names

 -Trouble recognizing               letters in his or her name

 -Trouble recognizing letters or           numbers

 -Trouble writing letters or numbers

 -Trouble writing name

 -Trouble recognizing rhyming            words (cat, bat, rat)

 -Trouble connecting letters and         sounds

 -Trouble recognizing words that         start with the same sound

 -Difficulties in pronunciation that       continue past normal time

  (e.g. psigetti for spaghetti,                aminal  for animal, hangburger        for  hamburger

Ages 5-6

Ages 6-7

 -Difficulty recognizing                common parts in words            (mat, rat)

 -Trouble reading one-                 syllable words (mat, top)

 -Complains reading is hard

 -Reading errors suggest             problems connecting               sounds and letters (big for       goat)

 -Trouble reading common         sight words: where, two

 -Refuses to read aloud

Ages 7 & Up

 -When speaking,                        mispronounces long words      (amulium for aluminum)

 -Confuses words that sound       alike (tornado for volcano)

 -Has word finding problems

 -Guesses wildly when                 reading multisyllable words

 -Omits reading "little words"     such as an, the

 -Spells terribly

 -Has trouble finishing school     work on time

Early Clues


 -May hide reading problems

 -May spell poorly; relies on       others to correct spelling

 -Avoids writing; may not be       able to write

 -Often very competent in           oral language

 -Relies on memory; may             have excellent memory

 -Often has good "people"         skills

CLLC is in the planning  stages of a new public school specifically tailored for dyslexic learners. Click here to learn more about Orton Academy. 

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