What is Dyslexia?

Dyslexia is a specific learning disability that is neurological in origin. It is characterized by difficulties with accurate and/or fluent word recognition and by poor spelling and decoding abilities. These difficulties typically result from a deficit in the phonological component of language that is often unexpected in relation to other cognitive abilities and the provision of effective classroom instruction.

Secondary consequences may include problems in reading comprehension and reduced reading experience that can impede growth of vocabulary and background knowledge.

Early Clues to Dyslexia:
  • A delay in speaking (18 vs. 12 months)

  • Insensitivity to rhymes

  • Trouble learning nursery rhymes

  • Trouble remembering the days of the week

  • Difficulty in leaning and remembering letter names

  • Trouble recognizing letters in his or her name

 

Ages 5-6:

  • Trouble recognizing letters or numbers

  • Trouble writing letters or numbers

  • Trouble writing name

  • Trouble recognizing rhyming words (cat, bat, rat)

  • Trouble connecting letters and sounds

  • Trouble recognizing words that start with the same sound

  • Difficulties in pronunciation that continue past normal time (e.g. psigetti for spaghetti, aminal for animal, hangburger for hamburger

Ages 6-7:
  • Difficulty recognizing common parts in words (mat, rat)

  • Trouble reading one-syllable words (mat, top)

  • Complains reading is hard

  • Reading errors suggest problems connecting sounds and letters (big for goat)

  • Trouble reading common sight words: where, two

  • Refuses to read aloud

 
Ages 7 and Older:
  • When speaking, mispronounces long words (amulium for aluminum)

  • Confuses words that sound alike (tornado for volcano)

  • Has word finding problems

  • Guesses wildly when reading multisyllable words

  • Omits reading "little words" such as an, the

  • Spells terribly

  • Has trouble finishing school work on time

 
Adults with Dyslexia:
  • May hide reading problems

  • May spell poorly; relies on others to correct spelling

  • Avoids writing; may not be able to write

  • Often very competent in oral language

  • Relies on memory; may have excellent memory

  • Often has good "people" skills

Greenwood Village

(720) 577-5151

Colorado Springs

(719) 227-0026(720) 577-5151